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托福阅读细节题的正统解题思路分享
时间:2013-08-13 15:10来源:狗亚app官方留学 责任编辑:admin 点击:

  在托福阅读考试中,细节题往往看起来比较麻烦,不过做起来是有思路和方法可循的,下面我想跟大家分享做托福阅读细节题的解题思路:
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托福阅读
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  这类题在考试中的比重最大,也是最容易拿分的,既然都已经说了是细节题,那么考点是文章的细节中,而不是有关全文的,所以说,我们读懂一段中的一小部分就可以做题了。

  一般是这几种问法:

  1. According to the passage……,……?”

  2. It is stated in paragraph X

  3. It is indicated in paragraph X

  4. It is mentioned in paragraph X

  这类题的本质就是同意转述,做题流程:

  托福阅读细节题解题步骤一:读题,抓取关键字

  托福阅读细节题解题步骤二:?用关键字回原文定位,找到定位句(不一定是一句,有可能是一两句)。还有一个方法能帮助我们定位,题目的顺序和文章的顺序是一致的,所以前后题的位置可以帮助我们找定位句,但是这个在考试的时候作用不大,因为考试界面是每次只出现一道题。

  托福阅读细节题解题步骤三:读明白那句话

  托福阅读细节题解题步骤四:回头看选项,选出和那句话同意义的句子。

  错误选项的特点:1原文中没提到的 2与原文相反的 3定位句之外的。前两种比较常见

  这类题一般都是直接选择,我看到有些同学喜欢用排除法,我个人建议,这种题没必要用排除法,第一浪费时间,人家看完了A直接选了,你看完ABCD,把原文忘了再回头找,人家都做到第三题了!第二 它的错误选项本身就胡编乱造的,基本都和正确选项完全不沾边,看它没什么意义甚至会误导你。
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  针对上面列出的做题流程我一步一步讲解:

  Paragraph 1:In the late sixteenth century and into the seventeenth, Europe continued the growth that had lifted it out of the relatively less prosperous medieval period (from the mid 400s to the late 1400s). Among the key factors behind this growth were increased agricultural productivity and an expansion of trade.

  1. According to paragraph 1, what was true of Europe during the medieval period?

  ○ Agricultural productivity declined.

  ○ There was relatively little economic growth.

  ○ The general level of prosperity declined.

  ○ Foreign trade began to play an important role in the economy.

  1先读题,抓取关键词,关键词一定是名词,为什么?因为名词可以作主宾语,形容词,副词起的永远是修饰作用,但是是不是就不看了呢,也不是,我说的是把名词当成关键点,可没说只看它,定语或者状语是帮助我们定位的。对于这道题,关键词就是Europe,然后看一下后面的状语,是在medieval period

  2 用找到的关键词找定位句,有同学说第一句,我说不准确,第一句的后半句,In the late sixteenth century and into the seventeenth是状语,

  我前面说了,状语快点看!

  定位句就是Europe continued the growth that had lifted it out of the relatively less prosperous medieval ……  3下面就是看懂定位句了,回到了我们所说的内力的修炼,读句子的能力,分析一下这句话,that引导的是growth的定语从句,发展让欧洲脱离了十分贫瘠的欧洲中世纪时期,说明中世纪的Europe是十分贫瘠的,下面进入第四步

  4 信息我们已经拿到手了,回头看选项吧,

  A选项Agricultural productivity第一不在定位句中,第二第二句里面人家也没说decline

  B 选项 relatively little economic growth就是the relatively less prosperous的同意转述,所以它是对的

  做题做到这就ok了,要对自己有信心,不要总觉得自己选的不对,忐忑着继续看其它选项,为了让大家熟悉题型和思路,我继续分析其他两个选项

  C选项 还是原文没有的,根本没提过decline

  D选项 看到Foreign trade就可以不往下看了,明显的原文没提到的!

  注:读选项的时候同样注意名词,道理和我们从question中选择关键点是一样的。
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  再给个例子:

  Paragraph 2:Populations cannot grow unless the rural economy can produce enough additional food to feed more people. During the sixteenth century, farmers brought more land into cultivation at the expense of forests and fens (low-lying wetlands). Dutch land reclamation in the Netherlands in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries provides the most spectacular example of the expansion of farmland: the Dutch reclaimed more than 36.000 acres from 1590 to 1615 alone.

  3. According to paragraph 2, one effect of the desire to increase food production was that

  ○ land was cultivated in a different way

  ○ more farmers were needed

  ○ the rural economy was weakened

  ○ forests and wetlands were used for farming

  解析:细节题,关键词:effect,结果, increase food production.定位句:Populations cannot grow unless the rural economy can produce enough additional food to feed more people. During the sixteenth century, farmers brought more land into cultivation at the expense of forests and fens (low-lying wetlands).

  第一句说的是increase food production的原因,第二句才是effect。farmers brought more land into cultivation at the expense of forests and fens (low-lying wetlands).直接选D 。AB都是文章没提的。C是与文章相反的,rural

  economy并没有weakened

? ? ? ? 以上就是我跟大家分享的关于做托福阅读细节题的一般流程和思路,这些都是正统的解题思路,下一篇我还想跟大家分享做托福阅读细节题如何投机取巧,利用文章本身给出的条件快速做题。希望对大家有所帮助!最后预祝大家在托福考试中取得好成绩!
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